Monday, December 10, 2012
Q Codes are almost a forgotten ART
Q Codes are almost a forgotten ART but, if you need to put this into morse code believe me it says a lot of time.
These Q signals most often need to be expressed with brevity and clarity in
amateur work. (Q abbreviations take the form of questions only when each is sent
followed by a question mark.)
QRA What is the name of your station? The name of your station is ______.
QRG Will you tell me my exact frequency (or that of _____)? Your exact
frequency (or that of _____) is _____ kHz.
QRH Does my frequency vary? Your frequency varies.
QRI How is the tone of my transmission? The tone of your transmission is _____
(1. Good; 2. Variable; 3. Bad).
QRJ Are you receiving me badly? I cannot receive you. Your signals are too
QRK What is the intelligibility of my signals (or those of _____)? The
intelligibility of your signals (or those of _____) is _____ (1. Bad; 2. Poor;
3. Fair; 4. Good; 5. Excellent).
QRL Are you busy? I am busy (or I am busy with _____). Please do not
QRM Is my transmission being interfered with? Your transmission is being
interfered with (1. Nil; 2. Slightly; 3. Moderately; 4. Severely; 5. Extremely.)
QRN Are you troubled by static? I am troubled by static _____ (1-5 as under
QRO Shall I increase power? Increase power.
QRP Shall I decrease power? Decrease power.
QRQ Shall I send faster? Send faster (_____ WPM).
QRS Shall I send more slowly? Send more slowly (_____ WPM).
QRT Shall I stop sending? Stop sending.
QRU Have you anything for me? I have nothing for you.
QRV Are you ready? I am ready.
QRW Shall I inform _____ that you are calling on _____ kHz? Please inform
_____ that I am calling on _____ kHz.
QRX When will you call me again? I will call you again at _____ hours (on
QRY What is my turn? Your turn is numbered _____
QRZ Who is calling me? You are being called by _____ (on _____ kHz).
QSA What is the strength of my signals (or those of ____)? The strength of
your signals (or those of _____) is _____ (1. Scarcely perceptible; 2. Weak; 3.
Fairly good; 4. Good; 5. Very good).
QSB Are my signals fading? Your signals are fading.
QSD Is my keying defective? Your keying is defective.
QSG Shall I send _____ messages at a time? Send _____ messages at a time.
QSK Can you hear me between your signals and if so can I break in on your
transmission? I can hear you between my signals; break in on my transmission.
QSL Can you acknowledge receipt? I am acknowledging receipt.
QSM Shall I repeat the last message which I sent you, or some previous
message? Repeat the last message which you sent me [or message(s) number(s)
QSN Did you hear me (or _____) on _____ kHz? I did hear you (or _____) on
QSO Can you communicate with _____ direct or by relay? I can communicate with
_____ direct (or by relay through _____).
QSP Will you relay to _____? I will relay to _____
QST General call preceding a message addressed to all amateurs and ARRL
members. This is in effect “CQ ARRL.”
QSU Shall I send or reply on this frequency (or on _____ kHz)? Send or reply
on this frequency (or _____ kHz).
QSV Shall I send a series of Vs on this frequency (or on _____ kHz)? Send a
series of Vs on this frequency (or on _____ kHz).
QSW Will you send on this frequency (or on _____ kHz)? I am going to send on
this frequency (or on ____ kHz).
QSX Will you listen to _____ on _____ kHz? I am listening to _____ on _____
QSY Shall I change to transmission on another frequency? Change to
transmission on another frequency (or on _____ kHz).
QSZ Shall I send each word or group more than once? Send each word or group
twice (or _____ times).
QTA Shall I cancel message number _____? Cancel message number _____
QTB Do you agree with my counting of words? I do not agree with your counting
of words. I will repeat the first letter or digit of each word or group.
QTC How many messages have you to send? I have ______ messages for you (or for
QTH What is your location? My location is _____
QTR What is the correct time? The correct time is _____
QTV Shall I stand guard for you? Stand guard for me.
QTX Will you keep your station open for further communication with me? Keep
your station open for me.
QUA Have you news of _____? I have news of _____.
ARRL QN Signals
QNA* Answer in prearranged order.
QNB Act as relay between _____ and _____.
QNC All net stations copy. I have a message for all net stations.
QND* Net is Directed (Controlled by net control station.)
QNE* Entire net stand by.
QNF Net is Free (not controlled).
QNG Take over as net control station
QNH Your net frequency is High.
QNI Net stations report in. I am reporting into the net. (Follow with a list
of traffic or QRU.)
QNJ Can you copy me?
QNK* Transmit messages for _____ to _____.
QNL Your net frequency is Low.
QNM* You are QRMing the net. Stand by.
QNN Net control station is _____. What station has net control?
QNO Station is leaving the net.
QNP Unable to copy you. Unable to copy _____.
QNQ* Move frequency to _____ and wait for _____ to finish handling traffic.
Then send him traffic for _____.
QNR* Answer _____ and Receive traffic.
QNS Following Stations are in the net.* (follow with list.) Request list of
stations in the net.
QNT I request permission to leave the net for _____ minutes.
QNU* The net has traffic for you. Stand by.
QNV* Establish contact with _____ on this frequency. If successful, move to
_____ and send him traffic for _____.
QNW How do I route messages for _____?
QNX You are excused from the net.*
QNY* Shift to another frequency (or to _____ kHz) to clear traffic with _____.
QNZ Zero beat your signal with mine.
*For use only by the Net Control Station.
Notes on Use of QN Signals
These QN signals are special ARRL signals for use in amateur CW nets only. They
are not for use in casual amateur conversation. Other meanings that may be used
in other services do not apply. Do not use QN signals on phone nets. Say it with
words. QN signals need not be followed by a question mark, even though the
meaning may be interrogatory.
Posted by Gary Langston